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Online CPR Certification Blog

Eczema – the most common type of dermatitis

Aug
02

Date: August 2nd, 2014

Long-term eczema also known as chronic eczema affects the skin in several ways, which include; the skin color changing, scales appearing on the skin, flaking, dry skin and thickening of the skin among others. Each type of eczema depends on where the rash occurs, its cause and the shape it takes on the skin. They are mostly caused by skin irritation after contacting certain substances or even allergies.

Some of the types of eczema and where they occur

  1. Atopic eczema – this is an inherited form of eczema that occurs in the form of allergies on the face, neck and ears in babies and on the elbow, knee and other joints in the youth and adults.
  1. Hand eczema – it occurs on the hands as the name suggests and can be related to atopic eczema. It is caused by an allergy of using strong detergents.
  2. Asteatotic eczema – it occurs on the legs and mostly among the aged causing the skin to crack due to staying indoors especially during the winter season.
  3. Stasis dermatitis – it occurs in the legs due to poor functioning veins, which cause the legs to swell.
  4. Contact dermatitis – there are two types in this case; irritant and the allergic caused by the skin being in contact with irritants while the other is caused by allergies to certain substances.
  5. Nummular eczema – it is said to be related to fungal infection as well as atopic eczema. It is characterized by patches with the shape of a coin on the neck, chest and arms.

Diagnosis and preventive measures

When you visit a doctor, they would want to know whether anyone in your family had any type of eczema, whether you have been exposed to irritating substances or whether you have come into contact with substances that trigger allergies.

It can be prevented by avoiding the use of perfumed products and extreme temperatures, blankets made of irritating material, for example, wool. Do not rub your body dry but instead pat it dry leaving a little moisture on the skin and apply any moisturizer afterwards. During winter season, the use of a humidifier while indoors would be important.

For contact dermatitis, do not let your skin get into contact with allergy triggering substances, jewelry as well as plants and or other irritating substances. For those with swollen legs, some of the ways to prevent stasis dermatitis is by wearing compression leggings and after long periods of sitting down ensure you lift your legs for some time.

Treatment for any type of eczema

The best way is to have routine checkups with your doctor because eczema is normally recurrent. The doctor may prescribe specific creams or ointments to apply as well as ointments or strong steroids. In the case of eczema, you really do not need CPR online training to handle it. However, you need to find out whether it could trigger situations that could warrant the need of such training.

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