Basic first aid usually refers to that initial process of assessing and subsequently addressing the urgent needs of a patient i.e. someone who might have been injured or is in really severe physiological distress. There are many causative factors that can lead to people requiring urgent medical aid. These can include myocardial infarction or heart attack, allergic reaction, choking, etc.

Learning basic first aid will enable you to determine a person’s physical condition so that you can commence immediate treatment, right on the spot.  In fact, following the best first aid techniques can aid a patient when seconds count and lives are on the line.

The Major Elements of Emergency Aid

The cornerstone of basic first aid is centered around the three Cs of emergency aid. It is very important that you should follow them so that valuable lives are not placed at any unnecessary risk.

You Must always Check Your Surroundings at all Times

Before you decide to rush headlong into a conflict zone of any other volatile situation you must always check your immediate surroundings. You have to make sure that your patient is not under any threat or danger from live electrical wires,  fire, toxic smoke or noxious gasses.  Apart from that, there can be a very real danger from human agencies such as terrorists and other criminals.

It is absolutely imperative to realize that placing your own life in critical danger will not help anyone at all. This is why you should call the cops and wait for the EMTs and other professionals to turn up and do their job.

You Should Call for Help

The minute you see an accident or another untoward incident, you should immediately call 911 and ask the people around you to do the same. You should not wait to see if it’s a medical emergency since precious seconds may be lost, while you investigate the affair on your own

Take Care of the Affected Persons

If a see that an individual is barely conscious or in pain or even on the verge of mindless panic, you should try to calm him down. The best way to do that is to inform him that help is already on its way and they will be fine. If you think that the person seems to have suffered a head injury and he is receding fast you may ask him his interests, his age, and his name. You have to try to keep him awake until the real professionals take over.


The above are some of the best first aid techniques that you can use to ensure that the people around you remain safe and sound until the experts take over.