Heat stroke can happen to anyone – irrespective of the age and gender – when the body is unable to cool down due to high heat. The condition can be life-threatening that can cause major damage to the brain and other body organs. In this article, we will take a look at the causes of heatstroke. Also, you will learn about first aid treatment options to help heat stroke victims.

How Does Heat Stroke Happen?

Heat stroke occurs when the body temperature rises due to a prolonged exposure to high temperature. It can be caused due to performing strenuous activity outside during hot summer days. While older people and children are more susceptible to heat strokes, healthy individuals can also suffer from heat stroke.

The medical condition of heat stroke is defined as when the core body temperature rises above 104 degrees Fahrenheit. At this temperature, a person can experience a range of symptoms some of which include the following:

  • Nausea
  • Seizure
  • Disorientation
  • Confusion
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Coma

Heat stroke most often progresses from heat exhaustion, heat cramps, and heat syncope. However, it sometimes occurs without any progression of heat-related illnesses.

How to Avoid a Heat Stroke

The best way to avoid a heat stroke is by staying indoors when the temperature is high outside. In case it is necessary to go outside, you should take the following precautionary steps.

  • Always wear light colored and loose fitting clothing
  • Wear hat with a wide brim
  • Use sunscreen having a sun protection factor (SPF) of more than 30
  • Keep yourself hydrated by drinking lots of fluid
  • Drink electrolyte-rich sports drink during extreme humidity and heat
  • Avoid exercising outdoors during the day when the temperature is high

Also, you should call local emergency number at the first sign of heatstroke. Avoid taking acetaminophen or aspirin when suffering from a heat stroke. The medications can result in severe negative reactions.

How to Help a Heatstroke Victim?

You should get the victim of heatstroke to a shady area. It’s important that you loosen the clothing and provide fluids to the victim. You can learn about advanced techniques to help a heatstroke victim by taking basic first aid course online.

Learning about basic first aid skills by taking a first aid certification online is recommended. You will learn about effective first aid techniques that can help in assisting a heat stroke victim. Online first aid certification is much more convenient than taking a classroom based course. The reason is that you can take the class at your own pace that seems most suitable for you.

Remember that after a heatstroke victim has recovered, the body will be more sensitive to high temperatures in the next few weeks. During this time period, it’s important that you avoid heavy exercise and hot places. The doctor will advise when it’s safe to resume normal activities.