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The American Academy of CPR and First Aid is accredited by Postgraduate Institute for Medicine who is jointly accredited by the

Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education® (ACCME) to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.        

American Academy of CPR & First Aid, Inc.®

Welcome to First Aid Course

Strains and Sprains
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  • Strains or sprains refers to the injuries to the soft tissues (muscles, tendons and ligaments).
  • Causes of strains and sprains:
    • A strain or sprain occurs when the muscle is overstretched
  • Signs of strain or sprain:
    • Pain
    • Swelling
    • Bruising
    • Difficulty moving the injured part
  • First aid response for strains or sprains:
    • R- Rest
    • I - Icing the injured part
    • C- Compress the injured part (e.g. ACE wrap)
    • E- Elevation of the injured part
  • If the pain is severe, or the person is unable to use the injured part, arrange transportation to a medical facility

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