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American Academy of CPR & First Aid, Inc.®

Welcome to BLS CPR (Adult / Child / Infant)

Infant choking
Infant checking pulse Unconscious after choking:
  • If the infant collapses /becomes unconscious, then activate emergency medical services (if two rescuers/people are present)
  • For one rescuer, immediately start CPR (without a pulse check)
  • Position two fingers in the center of the chest below the nipple line
  • Start compression (1 1/2 inches or at least 1/3 the depth of the chest) and do at least 100 per minute.
  • After 30 compressions, open the airway - head tilt-chin lift (push the forehead back with one hand and lift the chin to move the jaw forward with the other hand)
  • Check for an object in the mouth, and if you see an object then remove it.
  • Use mouth to mouth and nose technique i.e. cover the infant's entire mouth and nose with your mouth.
  • Give 2 breaths, each for 1 second duration, and look for chest rise. If the first breath doesn't make the chest rise and fall, then reposition the head i.e. head tilt-chin lift, and re-administer the breaths. Give one breath, every 3-5 second intervals (12-20 breaths per minute).
  • Continue 30 compressions followed by 2 ventilations (check for an object in the mouth each time before the ventilation, and if you see an object then remove it) i.e. ratio of 30:2, until AED or EMS arrives.
  • An AED should be used as soon as it is available. Resume chest compressions immediately after the shock is given ( minimize interruptions )
  • Leave to activate emergency medical services and to get an AED after 5 cycles or 2 minutes (only if one rescuer is present and EMS has not been activated)

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